A Note on Readings
There are seven required books for this course:
- John Rapley (2008), Understanding Development, 3rd edition (Lynne Rienner)
- Peter Griffiths (2003), The Economist’s Tale (Zed Books)
- Jeffrey D. Sachs (2006), The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time (Penguin)
- Paul Collier (2008) The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It (Oxford University Press)
- William Easterly (2007) The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good (Penguin)
- Robert H Bates (2010) Prosperity and Violence, 2nd Ed (W.W. Norton & Co.)
- Leslie Chang (2009), Factory Girls: From Village to City in a Changing China (Spiegel & Grau)
Note that when I say there are “required” texts, I mean only that I have assigned you to read them (mostly) in their entirety, not that you must purchase them. You are encouraged to share copies, form anarcho-syndicalist book-trading collectives, make obscene and gratuitous use of the interlibray loan system, or do anything else necessary to ensure you have the texts to read and study from. Do note, however, that a recent Amazon search suggests that all seven can be gotten for about $70, shipping included. I have chosen these texts in particular for their affordability, and there is no excuse for not having them in some form.
- Monday, August 22: Introduction–What is Development?
United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report 2010, Chapter 1, “Reaffirming Human Development,” pp. 11-24 (NB: Link goes to the whole report. You only need the listed pages.)
Charles Kenny (2011), Getting Better: Why Global Development is Succeeding–And How We Can Improve the World Even More (New York: Basic Books), pp. 93-112
David Griggs et al (2013), “Sustainable Development Goals for People and Planet,” Nature, 495, pp. 305-7
Amartya Sen (1999), Development as Freedom (New York: Anchor Books)
Mahbub ul Haq (2003), “The Human Development Paradigm,” in Sakiko Fukuda-Parr and A. K. Shiva Kuma (eds), Readings in Human Development (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press), pp. 17-34
United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends
World Bank, World Development Indicators 2016
- Wednesday, August 24: How Do We Measure Development (and Why Does it Matter)?
Dwight Perkins et al (2013), Economics of Development, 7th edition, pp. 23-32; 40-53
Robert Costanza, Maureen Hart, Stephen Posner, John Talberth (2009), “Beyond GDP: The Need for New Measures of Progress,” Pardee Paper #4, Boston University Frederick S. Pardee Center for Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future
Diane Coyle, “The Way We Measure Economies is Inherently Sexist,” World Economic Forum, April 13, 2016
Lorenzo Fioramonti (2013), Gross Domestic Problem: The Politics Behind the World’s Most Powerful Number (London: Zed Press)
Joseph Stiglitz, Amartya Sen, and Jean-Paul Fitoussi (2010), Mismeasuring Our Lives: Why GDP Doesn’t Add Up (New York: The New Press)
Morten Jerven (2012), “For Richer, For Poorer: GDP Revisions and Africa’s Statistical Tragedy,” African Affairs, 112/446, pp. 138–147
COURSE MODULE 1: WHERE DOES GLOBAL INEQUALITY COME FROM?
- Monday, August 29: The Political Economy of Development for Dummies
Jeffery Sachs (2005), The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time, Chapters 1-3
William Easterly (2001), The Elusive Quest for Growth, pp. 25-44
Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo (2007), “The Economic Lives of the Poor,” The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 21:1, pp. 141-168
Further Reading (and Watching)
On the idea of a “poverty trap”…
Sachs, Jeffrey D., John W. McArthur, Guido Schmidt- Traub, Margaret Kruk, Chandrika Bahadur, Michael Faye, and Gordon McCord (2004), “Ending Africa’s Poverty Trap.” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1, pp. 117-216
If you’re not already familiar with the most common economic growth models, you might find these sources especially helpful…
Dwight Perkins et al (2013), Economics of Development, 7th edition, pp. 89-128
- Wednesday, August 31: No Class, Professor Attending American Political Science Association Annual Meeting
- Monday, September 5: Labor Day Holiday (University Classes not in Session)
- Wednesday, September 7: The Great Divergence (and the Maybe Great Convergence?)
William Easterly (2001), The Elusive Quest for Growth, pp. 45-69
Lant Prichett (1997), “Divergence, Big Time,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11:3, pp. 3-17
Gregory Clark (2010), A Farewell to Alms: A Brief Economic History of the World (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press), pp. 19-70
William Baumol (1986), “Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: What the Long-Run Data Show,” American Economic Review, 76:5, pp. 1072-1085
Alexander Gerschenkron (1962), Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective (New York: Praeger), Chapter 1
Kenneth Pomeranz (2009), The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press)
William McNeil (1963/1991), The Rise of the West (University of Chicago Press)
Justin Yifu Lin (1995), “The Needham Puzzle: Why the Industrial Revolution Did Not Originate in China,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 43:2, pp. 269-292
- Monday, September 12: The Great Divergence, Explained? – Geographic, Technological, and Cultural Explanations for Divergent Development
Jared Diamond (1999), Guns, Germs, and Steel, pp. 157-91
David S. Landes (2006), “Why Europe and the West? Why Not China?” The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20:2, pp. 3-22
Josiah Ober (2015), The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press), pp. 101-22
Alfred W. Crosby (2004), Ecological Imperialism. 2nd edition (New York: Cambridge UP)
Jeffrey Sachs (2001), “Tropical Underdevelopment,” NBER Working Paper #8119
David Landes (1998), The Wealth and Poverty of Nations: Why Some Are So Rich and Some So Poor. (New York: W.W. Norton)
Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
- Wednesday, September 14: The Emergence of States, the Emergence of Growth (I): How Modern Political Orders and Modern Economies are Linked
Robert Bates (2010), Prosperity and Violence (2nd Ed),Chapters 1-5 (Chapter 6 is optional but recommended)
Elinor Ostrom (2000), “Collective Action and the Evolution of Social Norms,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14:3, pp. 137-158
Henry Farrell. “Dark Leviathan: The Silk Road might have started as a libertarian experiment, but it was doomed to end as a fiefdom run by pirate kings.” Aeon. 20 February, 2015.
Mancur Olson (1993), “Dictatorship, Democracy, and Development,” American Political Science Review, 87:3, pp. 567-576
Hendrik Spruyt (1994), The Sovereign State and Its Competitors: An Analysis of Systems Change (Princeton: Princeton University Press)
Dipali Mukhopadhyay (2014), Warlords, Strongman Governors, and the State in Afghanistan (New York: Cambridge University Press), pp. 1-75
Douglass North, John Wallis, and Barry Weingast (2009), Violence and Social Orders: A Conceptual Framework for Interpreting Recorded Human History (New York: Cambridge University Press)
- Monday, September 19: The Emergence of States, the Emergence of Growth (II) – Institutional and Political Explanations for Divergent Development
Douglass North, John Joseph Wallis, Steven B. Webb, and Barry R. Weingast (2012), In the Shadow of Violence: Politics, Economics, and the Problem of Development (New York: Cambridge University Press), Chapter 1 and Chapter 9
Matthew Lange, James Mahoney, Matthias vom Hau (2006), “Colonialism and Development: A Comparative Analysis of Spanish and British Colonies,” American Journal of Sociology, 111:5, pp. 1412-62
Daron Acemoglu, Simon Johnson and James Robinson (2001), “The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation,” American Economic Review, 91:5, pp. 1369-1401
Nathan Nunn (2008), “The Long Term Effects of Africa’s Slave Trades,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 123(1), pp. 139-176.
Kenneth Sokoloff and Stanley Engerman (2000), “Institutions, Factor Endowments and Paths of Development in the New World,” Journal of Economic Perspectives 14(3): 217-232.
- Wednesday, September 21: The Logic of Political Behavior in Weak States (I): Conflict, Natural Resources, and Rent-Seeking
Paul Collier (2007), The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Falling Behind, and What Can Be Done About it, Chapters 2-6
Peter Lewis (1996), “From Prebendalism to Predation: The Political Economy of Decline in Nigeria,” Journal of Modern African Studies, 34:1, pp. 79-103
Michael Ross (2012), The Oil Curse (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press), pp. 27-62
Thad Dunning (2008), Crude Democracy (New York: Cambridge University Press)
Karl, Terry Lynn (1997) The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms and Petro-States (Berkeley: University of California Press)
Pauline Jones Luong and Erika Weinthal (2010), Oil Is Not a Curse: Ownership Structure and Institutions in Soviet Successor States (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Todd Moss, Caroline Lambert, and Stephanie Majerowicz (2015), Oil to Cash: Fighting the Resource Curse through Cash Transfers (Washington, D.C.: Center for Global Development)
- Monday, September 26: Guest Lecture by Professor Matthew Layton (Political Science) on Order and Disorder in Brazilian Politics
- Wednesday, September 28: The Logic of Political Behavior in Weak States (II): Corruption and its Consequences
Samuel Huntington (1968), Political Order in Changing Societies (New Haven: Yale University Press), pp. 59-71
Robert Gay (1999), “The Broker and the Thief: A Parable (Reflections on Popular Politics in Brazil),” Luso-Brazilian Review, 36:1, pp. 49-70
Andrew Wedeman (2012), Double Paradox: Rapid Growth and Rising Corruption in China (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press), pp. 80-110
Susan Rose-Ackerman (2002), “When is Corruption Harmful?” in Arnold J. Heidenheimer and Michael Johnston, eds. Political Corruption: Concepts and Contexts (Transaction Publishers), pp. 353-74
- Monday, October 3: No Class, Fall Reading Day (University Classes not in Session)
COURSE MODULE 2: THE INVENTION OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS – POSTWAR EFFORTS TO GROW ECONOMIES
- Wednesday, October 5: Modernization Theory and Dependency Theory
John Rapley (2007), Understanding Development: Theory and Practice in the Third World (3rd Edition), Chapters 2 and 3
Rene Dumont (1962/1966), False Start in Africa, chapter 8
Andre Gunder Frank (1966), “The Development of Underdevelopment,” Monthly Review, 18:4, pp. 17-13
W.W. Rostow (1960), The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto (Cambridge University Press)
Walter Rodney (1972), How Europe Underdeveloped Africa (Bogle-l’Ouverture Press)
Frederick Cooper (1998), “Modernizing Bureaucrats, Backward Africans, and the Development Concept,” in F. Cooper and R. Packard, International Development and the Social Sciences (Berkeley: University of California Press), pp. 64-92.
McNamara, Robert. ‘Paupers of the World and How to Develop Them,’ (Excerpts from the Address to the Board of Governors, World Bank, Nairobi 1973).
Raul Prebisch (1950), The Economic Development of Latin America and its Principal Problems (New York: United Nations)
- Monday, October 10: ISI and the Failure of State Planning
Robert Bates (1981), Markets and States in Tropical Africa: The Political Bases of Agricultural Policies, pp. 11-44
Leland Johnson (1967), “Problems of Import Substitution: The Chilean Automobile Industry,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 15:2, pp. 202-16
James C. Scott (2001), Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press), Chapter 7
Albert Hirschman (1968), “The Political Economy of Import-Substituting Industrialization in Latin America,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 82:1, pp. 1-32
Stephan Haggard (1990), Pathways from the Periphery: The Politics of Growth in the Newly Industrializing Countries (Cornell University Press)
- Wednesday, October 13: The Foundations of Neoliberal Policies
John Rapley (2007), Understanding Development: Theory and Practice in the Third World (3rd Edition), Chapter 4
John Williamson (1990), “What Washington Means By Policy Reform”
Martha Finnemore (1998), “Redefining Development at the World Bank,” in F. Cooper and R. Packard, International Development and the Social Sciences (Berkeley: University of California Press), pp. 203-227.
Jeffery Sachs (2005), The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time, Chapters 5-7
Albert Hirschman (1981), “The Rise and Decline of Development Economics,” in Essays in Trespassing: Economics to Politics and Beyond (Cambridge University Press, 1981): pp. 1-24
David Harvey (2005), A Brief History of Neoliberalism (Oxford: Oxford University Press)
- Monday, October 18: In-Class Film, Bamako (dir. Abderrahmane Sissako, 2006)
- Wednesday, October 20: No Class, Professor at AFRICOM Briefing
- Monday, October 25: Structural Adjustment as Seen From the Top-Down
John Rapley (2007), Understanding Development: Theory and Practice in the Third World (3rd Edition), Chapter 5
William Easterly (2005), “What did Structural Adjustment Adjust?: The Association of Policies and Growth with Repeated IMF and World Bank Adjustment Loans,” Journal of Development Economics, 76:1, pp. 1–22
Nicolas VandeWalle (1999), African Economies and the Politics of Permanent Crisis (Cambridge University Press), pp. 152-87
Duncan Green (1996), “Latin America: Neoliberal Failure and the Search for Alternatives,” Third World Quarterly, 17:1, pp. 109-122.
Jose Antonio Ocampo (2004), “Latin America’s Growth and Equity Frustrations during Structural Reforms,” The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 18:2, pp. 67-88.
- Wednesday, October 27: Structural Adjustment as Seen from the Bottom-Up (I)
Peter Griffiths (2003), The Economist’s Tale: A Consultant Encounters Hunger and the World Bank, entire
Alex de Walle (2000), “Democratic Political Process and the Fight Against Famine,” IDS Working Paper #107
Michael. Kevane (2014) Women and Development in Africa: How Gender Works, 2nd Ed (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers)
Lourdes Benería (2003), Gender, Development, and Globalization: Economics as if All People Mattered. (New York: Routledge)
Cormac O Grada (2009), Famine: A Short History (Princeton University Press)
Amartya Sen (1977), “Starvation and exchange entitlements: a general approach and its application to the great Bengal famine,” Cambridge Journal of Economics, 1:1, pp. 33-59
Dan Banik (2011), “Growth and Hunger in India,” Journal of Democracy, 22:3, pp. 90-104
COURSE MODULE 3: ALTERNATIVES? POST-WAR DEVELOPMENT IN ASIA
- Monday, October 31: Asia and the “New” State-Led Development?
John Rapley (2007), Understanding Development: Theory and Practice in the Third World (3rd Edition), Chapters 6 and 7
Peter Evans (1995), Embedded Autonomy (Princeton University Press), pp. 43-73
David Kang (2002), “Bad Loans to Good Friends: Money Politics and the Developmental State in South Korea,” International Organization, 56:1, pp. 177–207
Chalmers Johnson (1999), “The Developmental State: The Odyssey of a Concept,” in Meredith Woo-Cummings, ed. The Developmental State (Cornell University Press)
- Wednesday, November 2: China: Industrialization, Urbanization, and Social Change
Leslie Chang (2008), Factory Girls: From Village to City in a Changing China, Chapters 1-5, 7-10
Jeremy Wallace (2014), Cities and Stability: Urbanization, Redistribution, and Regime Survival in China (Oxford University Press), Chapters 4, 5, and 6
Hsiao-Hung Pai (2012), “Factory of the World: Scenes from Guangdong,” Places
- Monday, November 7: China Rising?
Leslie Chang (2008), Factory Girls: From Village to City in a Changing China, Chapters 12-15
Stephen Brooks and William Wohlforth, (2016). The Once and Future Superpower. Foreign Affairs, 95(3), 91-104.
Ho-Fung Hung, The China Boom: Why China Will Not Rule the World (Columbia University Press, 2016)
Ho-Fung Hung, “China Fantasies,” Jacobin, Issue 19
COURSE MODULE 4: THE FOREIGN AID DEBATE, AND THE WAY FORWARD
- Wednesday, November 9: What is Foreign Development Aid?
Roger Riddell (2007), Does Foreign Aid Really Work? (Oxford University Press), pp. 17-88
Alberto Alesina and David Dollar (2000), “Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why,” Journal of Economic Growth, 5:1, pp. 33-63
Carol Lancaster (2009), Foreign Aid: Diplomacy, Development, Domestic Politics (University of Chicago Press)
Devex.com, “USAID: A History of US Foreign Aid”
- Monday, November 14: The Logic of Development and The “Big Push”
Jeffrey Sachs, The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time, Chapters 4, 11, 12, 14 and 15
William Easterly (2006), The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good, Chapters 1-2, 8
Dani Rodrik (2006), “Goodbye Washington Consensus, Hello Washington Confusion? A Review of the World Bank’s ‘Economic Growth in the 1990s: Learning from a Decade of Reform’,” Journal of Economic Literature, 44(4), 973-987.
- Wednesday, November 16: The Problems of Planning
William Easterly (2006), The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good, Chapters 3-5
Jeffrey Sachs, The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time, Chapter 16
Christopher Blattman and Paul Niehaus (2014), “Show them the Money: Why Giving Cash Helps Alleviate Poverty,” Foreign Affairs, 93:3, pp. 117-26
Nina Munk (2014), The Idealist: Jeffery Sachs and the Quest to End Poverty (Anchor)
Wendy Hunter and Natasha Borges Sugiyama (2014), “Transforming Subjects into Citizens: Insights from Brazil’s Bolsa Família,” Perspectives on Politics, 12, pp 829-845.
- Monday, November 21: Does Aid Work?
Paul Collier (2007), The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Falling Behind, and What Can Be Done About It, Chapter 7
William Easterly (2006), The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good, Chapter 6
Michael Clemens and Gabriel Demombynes (2013), “The New Transparency in Development Economics: Lessons from the Millennium Villages Controversy,” CGDEV Working Paper, #342
Abdul Lateef Jameel Poverty Action Lab, “Introduction to Evaluations”
Jeff Tollefson (2015), “Revolt of the Randomistas,” Nature, 524:13, pp. 150-53
- Monday, November 28: What’s the Solution?
William Easterly (2006), The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good, Chapters 7, 9-11
Paul Collier (2007), The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Falling Behind, and What Can Be Done About it, Chapters 8-9, 11
Jeffrey Sachs, The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time, Chapters 17-18
- Wednesday, November 30: No Class, Professor at African Studies Association Conference