Research Journal 14

According to Professor Nacer Djabi, there are two scenarios for a democratic political change in Algeria. The first scenario is the positive one. This scenario is the peaceful and pacific scenario that may occur for within the institutions such as the current political parties as well as the civil societies through means like elections. Professor Nacer Djabi argues that in order for this transition to occur peacefully, the first generation has to concede its powers to the second generation which is mainly consisting of ministers, prime ministers, and political party leaders. However this approach is problematic because the case with this generation in Algeria is that it had a chance to experience being on the top of the executive branch and have the majority of the seats in the parliament yet they still believe that they do not have the ability of the real decision making control. In other words, this generation executes but does not decide. The second scenario is the violent scenario. This political change scenario comes from outside of the institutions and will be done by the third generation which will oppose the first generation and possibly face the nationalism ideology simply because the third generation views everything the first generation does as negative. This scenario will high likely occur in the streets due to the absence of the third generation in the higher institutions. Finally, in order for Algeria to reach democracy, it has to overcome the challenging obstacles standing on its way in the examples of demilitarize the political decision making, open more venues and assign more role to the younger generations, and increase the quality of social welfare in order to guarantee a peaceful transition.

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