Research Journal 11

To answer my second research question (To what extent historically turbulent Nepal have been enduring democratic practices in the country?), I crafted the definition of democracy from Lipset and Schumpeter. I emphasized on the legitimacy of the government and reciprocity between citizen and government. Applying the definition, I argued that historically Nepal has never been able to adopt democratic practices. The reasons are ethnic conflict (not inherited, rather infused), elite dominance and lack of legitimacy in government’s actions.

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