From the last conversation with Dr. Kendhammer about my topic, he recommended that I tweak it in a way that it is not a human rights oriented paper but rather focuses on a democratization related issue. I decided to start looking at things from a bigger lenses and start exploring the World Value Survey (WVS). I am looking at the following variables: “political participation” variables (V83-V95) as well as the “democracy” variable (V127-V187). Because I plan to study citizenship education on a more substantive level in both Lebanon and Tunisia for future, I sought to first look at these countries’ political participation and democratization index from secondary data (WVS). The social re-integration of the ex-combatants is certainly a citizenship related subject matter that I am trying to fit in this topic. But first I would like to explore this list of readings:
Akar, B. (2006). Teachers’ reflections on the challenges of teaching citizenship education in Lebanon: A qualitative pilot study. Reflecting Education, 2(2), 48-63. Available at: http://www.reflectingeducation.net/index.php/ reflecting/article/view/35/35.
Akar, B. (2007). Citizenship education in Lebanon: An introduction into students’ concepts and learning experiences. Educate, 7(2), 2-18.
Anderson, B. (1991) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Verso: London.
Belge, C., & Karakoç, E. (2015). Minorities in the Middle East: Ethnicity, religion, and support for authoritarianism. Political Research Quarterly, 68(2), 280–292. doi:10.1177/1065912915580627
Brand, L. A. (2010). National narratives and migration: discursive strategies of inclusion and exclusion in Jordan and Lebanon. International Migration Review, 44(1), 78–110. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-7379.2009.00799
Cohen, A. (1985) The Symbolic Construction of Community. London, UK: Tavistock
Darden, K., & Mylonas, H. (2015). Threats to territorial integrity, national mass schooling, and linguistic commonality. Comparative Political Studies, 49(11), 1446-1479. doi: 0010414015606735
Gellner, E., & Breuilly, J. (1983, 2008). Nations and nationalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Hahn, C. L. (2010). Comparative civic education research: What we know and what we need to know. Citizenship Teaching & Learning, 6(1), 5-23. doi: 10.1386/ctl.6.15_1
Ichilov, O. (2005). Pride in one’s country and citizenship orientations in a divided society: The case of Israeli-Palestinian Arab and orthodox and non‐orthodox Jewish Israeli youth. Comparative education review, 49(1), 44-61. doi: 10.1086/426160
Maktabi, R. (2000). State Formation and Citizenship in Lebanon. Citizen and the State in the Middle East: Approaches and Applications. N. A. Butenschon, U. Davis, and M. S. Hassassian (ed.) 146-78. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
McMullin, J. (2013). Ex-combatants and the Post-Conflict State: Challenges of Reintegration.Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
Perliger, A., Canetti-Nisim, D., & Pedahzur, A. (2006). Democratic attitudes among high-school pupils: The role played by perceptions of class climate. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 17(1), 119-140. doi: 10.1080/09243450500405217
Quaynor, L. J. (2012). Citizenship education in post-conflict contexts: A review of the literature. Education, Citizenship and Social Justice, 7(1), 33-57. doi: 10.1177/1746197911432593.1177/1746197911432593