One of the fundamental differences between Pepinsky and Snyder is that the degree of authoritarianism involves into the daily lives of the people. In Snyder, I found, the Nazi authoritarianism dealt more with the philosophy of manipulating the mass people. Hitler, followed by his disciples – the Elites – understood that if they need to contribute to/bring the ‘struggle’ they were so enthusiastically talking about, mass people need to be incorporated. For doing so, the only feasible way was to spread the fear. Fear against establishment, fear against the ‘other,’ fear against the possibilities of future. Hence, they were penetrating into the mind set of people for A) to grab the power, B) to hold the power.
With the example of Pepinsky, we did not see the example of Malaysian model authoritarianism to be involved in such a way. We somewhat find similarities of it with the model of Bermeo that if people find security in their day-to-day lives, they become less eager and bothered about the political arena gradually.
If one needs to be fit in the current context of the USA and UK, I would personally like to see the model of Pepinsky. But, surprisingly, the model of Snyder matches the current situation of the USA’s politics. I am not anywhere close to suggest that the USA is going for an authoritarianism, but what I would like to argue that the changed political situation here started with the constant pushing from ‘anti-establishment’ people who were trying to spread the message of fear. Fear amongst the general people. A counter argument can come here that the unprecedented reason of the current political situation in the USA is due to the faulty system of electoral college as the popular vote did not support the ‘anti-establishment’ vive in the politics. I agree, but can anyone disagree, even after the solid difference between two ideologies, the current ‘anti-establishment’ did win? People did go for that, even if 1% or 10% or 30%, people did go for that. This gives goosebumps that the very unlikely, unprecedented, unthought-of idea/ideology is on the rise. Will that pave into anti-democracy, or authoritarianism? Time will say.