Research Journal

Criticisms of Gender Quota
Gender quota like any theory or concept has come under a lot of criticisms especially with regards to its functionality and intention. Conner (2013) asserts that the prevalent criticism of quota systems is that they undermine the principle of merit and, consequently, leave groups and minorities at a competitive disadvantage. The inference is that gender quota is a concept that does not encourage quality but rather quantity. The merit concept, according to Bennett (2014), is a vital notion underpinning many public service practices in democracies and requires that decisions relating to employment be “based solely on relative ability, knowledge and skills after fair and open competition which assures that all receive equal opportunity” (p.15). Despite the prevalence of these criticisms, other scholars (Grant, 2005; Ngcongo, 1993) have argued that the concepts of merit and quota are not inherently contradictory

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